Spring Profiles

Humans have been attracted to the springs around Lake Wingra and have established settlements in the area for millenia.  People have also named the springs for prominent people, places, or things dear to them.  It is unfortunate that the names given to them by Native Americans have not survived or used in common parlance.   Since European settlement in the early 1800’s the springs have been the subjects of writings by naturalists and study by scientists eager to map and understand their hydrology.  Below are the names assigned to them by a few of the individuals and organizations that have observed, studied, and mapped them over the years.

Below is a Key to Names of Springs Around Lake Wingra





Bahr, 2004

Oakes, et al, 1975




Flow Rate

Edgewood Big Spring or Deep Hole

Big Hole

Did not map

Did not map

 Not measured.

Edgewood Bay Springs


Did not map

Did not map

 Not measured.

West Edgewood Springs[1]

West Edgewood

Did not map

Did not map

 Not measured.

Chase Springs?



Did not map

Did not map

 Not measured.

Council Ring[2]

Council Ring

Upper Council Ring

Dn 6Sp

Sp 1a



Dancing Sands

Boiling Council Ring

Dn 10 Sp

Sp 1b



Duck Pond

Duck Pond

Dn 6 Sp

Sp 2a

Not measured.

Steven’s Pond (springlets)

Steven’s Pond

Did not map

Sp 2b

Viall Spring

3865 Nakoma Rd.

Nakoma Golf Club

Dn 8 Sp

Sp 8


Nakoma NE

Did not map

Sp 7


West Spring

Dn 13 Sp

Sp 6


Big Spring

Big Spring

Dn 5 Sp

Sp 3


White Clay/East Spring

White Clay Spring

Dn 12 Sp

Sp 4


Marshland Creek

Marshland Creek

Dn 11 Sp

Sp 5

Carver St

Didn’t map

Sp 9

[1] Once consisted of four widely spaced springs.

[2] 2 and 3 are known collectively as Marston, Topp or Lime Kiln Springs


[4] Consists of 5 springs


Ballering, N. and J. Bahr. 2005.  “Spring Flow and Water Quality in the Lake Wingra Watershed.”  Undergraduate Research Scholars Program.

Bemis, B. D. Gilder, E. Murdock, L. Severson, and C Storrar.  2005.  “Springflow Gauging for Long-Term Monitoring of Groundwater Flow into Lake Wingra.”  Hydrologic Measurements, CEE 619.  University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Noland, W.E.  1951. The Hydrography, Fish and Turtle Population of Lake Wingra.  Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters.  Madison, WI.

Oakes. E.L., and G.E. Hendrickson, and E.E. Zuehls.  1975.  Hydroogy of the Lake Wingra Basin, Dane County, Wisconsin.  U.S. Geologic Survey. Madison, WI.

Pennequin, D.F. and M. P. Anderson.  1981.  The Groundwater Budget of Lake Wingra, Dane County, Wisconsin.  Department of Geology and Geophysics, UW-Madison.  Technical Completion Report Project Number A-092-WIS.

Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey “Springs in Wisconsin”.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s