Spring Profiles


Humans have been attracted to the springs around Lake Wingra and have established settlements in the area for millenia.  People have also named the springs for prominent people, places, or things dear to them.  It is unfortunate that the names given to them by Native Americans have not survived or used in common parlance.   Since European settlement in the early 1800’s the springs have been the subjects of writings by naturalists and study by scientists eager to map and understand their hydrology.  Below are the names assigned to them by a few of the individuals and organizations that have observed, studied, and mapped them over the years.

Below is a Key to Names of Springs Around Lake Wingra

Noland

Arboretum

FOLW

Ballering

Bahr, 2004

Oakes, et al, 1975

Pennequin/

Anderson

1975

Flow Rate

Edgewood Big Spring or Deep Hole

Big Hole

Did not map

Did not map

 Not measured.

Edgewood Bay Springs

Dock

Did not map

Did not map

 Not measured.

West Edgewood Springs[1]

West Edgewood

Did not map

Did not map

 Not measured.

Chase Springs?

Woodrow/

Friday’s

Did not map

Did not map

 Not measured.

Council Ring[2]

Council Ring

Upper Council Ring

Dn 6Sp

Sp 1a

Measured.

Ho-nee-um[3]

Dancing Sands

Boiling Council Ring

Dn 10 Sp

Sp 1b

 Measured.

Gorham[4]

Duck Pond

Duck Pond

Dn 6 Sp

Sp 2a

Not measured.

Steven’s Pond (springlets)

Steven’s Pond

Did not map

Sp 2b

Viall Spring

3865 Nakoma Rd.

Nakoma Golf Club

Dn 8 Sp

Sp 8

Measured.

Nakoma NE

Did not map

Sp 7

Rowe’s

West Spring

Dn 13 Sp

Sp 6

 Measured.

Big Spring

Big Spring

Dn 5 Sp

Sp 3

 Measured.

White Clay/East Spring

White Clay Spring

Dn 12 Sp

Sp 4

 Measured.

Marshland Creek

Marshland Creek

Dn 11 Sp

Sp 5

Carver St

Didn’t map

Sp 9


[1] Once consisted of four widely spaced springs.

[2] 2 and 3 are known collectively as Marston, Topp or Lime Kiln Springs

[3]

[4] Consists of 5 springs

References

Ballering, N. and J. Bahr. 2005.  “Spring Flow and Water Quality in the Lake Wingra Watershed.”  Undergraduate Research Scholars Program.

Bemis, B. D. Gilder, E. Murdock, L. Severson, and C Storrar.  2005.  “Springflow Gauging for Long-Term Monitoring of Groundwater Flow into Lake Wingra.”  Hydrologic Measurements, CEE 619.  University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Noland, W.E.  1951. The Hydrography, Fish and Turtle Population of Lake Wingra.  Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters.  Madison, WI.

Oakes. E.L., and G.E. Hendrickson, and E.E. Zuehls.  1975.  Hydroogy of the Lake Wingra Basin, Dane County, Wisconsin.  U.S. Geologic Survey. Madison, WI.

Pennequin, D.F. and M. P. Anderson.  1981.  The Groundwater Budget of Lake Wingra, Dane County, Wisconsin.  Department of Geology and Geophysics, UW-Madison.  Technical Completion Report Project Number A-092-WIS.

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